George on foreign affairs. Jefferson disagreed strongly

George Washington tried to encourage a political system that would be unified. Unification turned out to be difficult since even Washington’s main advisors, Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson had opposing views about key issues. Jefferson was Washington’s Secretary of State, and Hamilton was Secretary of the Treasury. These two saw the role of the federal government of the United States very differently and because of this political unification was threatened.Hamilton’s role as Treasurer was to develop a healthy economy.  He believed that in order to do this it was essential to have a central bank to make the economy stronger and the nation’s currency more stable. He wanted to correct the economic problems that the country faced under the Articles of Confederation. Hamilton supported a single, national economic system because he believed that it would strengthen the nation’s economy and unity. Thomas Jefferson was Washington’s Secretary of State. He advised Washington on foreign affairs. Jefferson disagreed strongly with Hamilton’s view on creating centralized economic power. In his opinion increasing federal power over the economy could lead to the kind of tyranny they had faced with the British. From Jefferson’s perspective, increased federal power would inevitably trample individual liberties. Hamilton and Jefferson’s different views came to be known as ‘Federalists’ and ‘Antifederalists.’ Later these views would form into actual parties. Hamilton and Jefferson often gave Washington conflicting advice on issues, but Washington valued both of their viewpoints and remained neutral on their division. However, over time he more frequently shared Hamilton’s pro-government views. Hamilton formed the first active political party under the label “Federalists,” and Jefferson followed with his own, “Republicans” who later became the “Democratic-Republicans”.  The birth of political parties required a constitutional amendment to change the electoral process to allow president/vice president tickets on the ballot, as when Jefferson and Adams ran for the presidency. The Federalists were the dominant party within the national government through the end of the 18th century. The Democratic-Republican Party emerged as the party that was opposed to Federalist policies. Even when Jefferson’s tried to assure the American people in his first inaugural address that Americans were all Republicans and all Federalists, the differences between the parties remained. This historic difference of political belief is the source of the current two-party system within the United States.