Iraq Position Paper – Palestine Israel ConflictBy:

Iraq Position Paper – Palestine Israel ConflictBy: Gismaira Mota, Lucy Beckman, Julian Sharp, and Anthony Lall LewisPalestine was once not a country at all, but a land that was ruled under ┬áthe Ottoman Empire. Throughout their long history, the Palestinians have been ruled by the Babylonians, Persians, Greeks, Romans, Arabs, Fatimids, Turks, Crusaders, Egyptians, Mamelukes and Muslims. Before the Israelis gained their independence in 1948, Palestine was the geographic region between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River. After the fall of the Ottoman Empire in 1922, Palestine was occupied by Great Britain. They then lived under their control, and built up villages and a homeland. Palestine was peaceful, and pleased to have a land of their own, but meanwhile in Europe, many Jews were joining a movement called Zionism. Zionist did not only believe that Judaism was a religion, but a nationality too. These ideas arose in society, as the Jews largely accepted the idea of gaining their own homeland. During the 1st World War, Jews were targeted for extermination in Concentration Camps and forced to flee their homes in Europe to escape that fate. They were left homeless and with nothing. The UK possessed a new land in Palestine, assuring the Jews that this new land would meet the end of their torment. Though the PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization) was formed in 1964 to initiate a plan to form a Palestinian state in Israel, it did not stop the Zionists from making Palestine their home. When Israel, and the UN proposed the country as a place of settlement in 1947 through an agreement, there were 500,000 Arabs and 43,000 Jews living in Palestine. However, the demographic began to change and Palestine was viewed as the site for a new Jewish homeland. In 1948, the possibility became reality as Palestinians were being either expelled or killed from their land and replaced by Jews. Due to the ongoing internal conflict in Israel there have been various solutions which have been provided by both the Jewish and Arab community. The Jews debated on whether creating a democratic state for all citizens or a Zionist state, the Zionist won and created more conflict with the Arab community for subjecting them as second class citizens. In response to the unfair treatment The Palestinian Authority has declared their right to establish an independent palestinian state with control over large land masses.To this day a solution has yet to be out in action but several ideas such as two states and one state solution have been supported.Position Paper Part II Iraq has fought against Israel, mainly because they were angry that they not only taking Palestine’s land, but also because they were starting to make up a large part of the population in Palestine and generally in the Middle East. Iraq could lose possible job opportunities, lothar resort that they would suddenly need to share with a larger nation. This is why the best and most promising solution would be to create two seperate states, one for Palestine and one for Israel. Both countries want land of their own, so, obviously the best answer to this issue would be to make this compromise in order to satisfy both parties. As a result of this, there would be no need for violent outbreaks to start between Palestine and Israel or their neighboring countries. This problem affects Iraq because war will be constant if no agreement is made, nor if Palestinians are dissatisfied. If there is a two-state solution, Palestine would be able to live on their own and conflict would diminish, as of now, because it seems as they are in an endless battle over land with the Israelis. There are 4.5 million Palestinians who don’t have their own homeland. If they were to stay in the same country as the Israelis there would continually be conflict over land, resources and religion. As a result, this can affect Iraq because of the refugees that will be spreading out of Israel/Palestine, and there is fear that the conflict could arise to a larger war against the Jews, from all of the Middle East. This could possibly weaken Iraq and it’s forces, a risk that they do not want to take, especially with the other problems that they are holding by themselves such as Isis, Civil War, and the Iraqi economy. Iraq does not want to get involved, however they want to help Palestine by giving them their own land.Negotiating QuestionsShould there be a one State or two state solution to the issue of Palestine? Why?A- We want a two state solution to decrease conflict between the Israelis, and the Palestinians. This will reduce uprisings because the Palestinians are in charge of their own land and do not have to be under the rule of the Israelis in Israel. The Palestinians are Arab, and the Israelis are Jewish so there would be less religious conflict. The Palestinians have a population of over 4.5 million people, so they deserve their own land to support their own people, and make decisions that will benefit their own people.. What would the borders be?A- The borders will essentially be split down the middle except the land near the bottom Israel will now be part of the Palestinians state. They will also possess Jerusalem, and the West Bank. this way both countries can have an equal amount of “rich soiled” land as well as holding ownership over places where their people have the largest population. Who should decide? What is the role of the United Nations and the international community?A- The people should decide, because if other outside powers make the decision, there will be more conflict. There can be outside powers contributing to the decision (like the UN) but they should not be able to make the final decision by themselves without any contribution from the people.Now that so many nations recognize Palestine, should the UN and international community help to broker a deal with that the United States and Israel don’t seem to be able to broker?A- We think that the UN and international community should help broker a land deal to help Palestine regain it’s homeland. It seems that talks have not advanced in years, so it is obvious that either the UN or a group of nations need to step in to finally advance and hopefully complete negotiations. However, we believe that both Syria and the United States should be allowed to have a voice in these negotiations because of the huge stakes that each of them have in this issue. After an agreement is made though, it should still ultimately be the decision of the people of Palestine and Israel to decide what happens.How can security concerns be guaranteed?A- It would be ideal for both countries to have guards at each point of crossing, asking for tickets of passage (passports, visas, etc.) at any point that people for the borders can cross. Both sides may create a more specific plan in which they decided how to allow whom into each others state. We hope to see that after the two state solution has been made, less conflict will arise, but if possible there are also opportunities to build walls and other things to block immigrants in theri path of travel.If there is a one state solution, how does Israel reconcile their secular democratic but majority Jewish state with the demands of a democracy? How does recent legislation pushed by Israel’s Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu that calls for Israel to be defined as a Jewish state for Jewish people complicate equal treatment in a one state plan?A-The possibility of further complication between the Israelis and Palestinians is exactly why we disagree with a one state solution. Though the majority of the population are Palestinians Arabs, the Israeli prime minister, Benjamin Netanyahu has called for Israel to be defined as a Jewish state. In recognition of previous encounters between the Palestinians and Israelis its already know that the two groups don’t get along.The action of placing them in the same living space where one religion is dominant over the other guarantees disturbance of public peace. By enforcing a one state solution we are sustaining the conflict instead of ceasing it.What happens to the long-held disposition of “the right to return”? Should Palestinians in the diaspora be allowed to return to the new Palestinian state? In a democratic Israel? If so, should they be compensated for their losses? Where would they live?A-The ”the right to return” will still be supported, Palestinian refugees in the diaspora should be allowed to return to the new Palestinian state because it will no longer be up to Israel to decide who gets to come into it and Palestine’s