Policy added extra comforts such as WIFI.

Policy Overview

 

Following review of the National
Transport Strategy 2016 document there was five high level objectives which had
been put in place and were outlined to be targeted up to around 2026, along
with three Key Strategic Outcomes.  

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The five Key Objectives are as follows:

§  Promote Economic Growth by upgrading exisitng, developing new and continuing to maintain the
transport services and infastructures to make sure we are getting the most out
of their efficiency;

§  Improve Safety of Journeys by improving the saftey off all commuters along with the
staff involved, which in turn should reduce accidents;

§  Protect our Environment and Improve Health by developing and investing in public
transport and other types of efficient and sustainable transport which will
reduce emissions and consumption of resources and energy;

§  Promote Social Inclusion by joining remote and disadvantaged communities and increase the
accessibility of the network within these and surrounding areas;and

§  Improve Integration by making sure that all forms transport connections are smooth and that
all ticketing and planning is more accessible;

 

There was also three ‘Key Strategic Outcomes.’

§ 
Improved Journey Times and Connections, which will help tackle the congestion within the
networks along with the lack of integrations and connection’s within the
transport network

§ 
Reduced Emissions,
which will assist with the ongoing tackling of climate change along with
improving the air quality in and around these networks; and

§ 
Improved Quality, Accessibility and Affordability, improving the selection of public transport avaliable,
along with better services and value for money which makes it more appealing
than cars;

Spending Overview

 

Over the last ten years the
Scottish Government has invested over £15 billion in transport around the
country trying to achieve the targets set out in 2006. An overview of this
spending is highlighted below:

§ 
Motorways and Trunks Roads – Over £6.5billion spent on new and ongoing projects

§ 
Railways – Over
£5billion spent on new rail links along with new stations and associated
parking areas.

§ 
Bus Services –
Over £1.5billion spent on new eco-friendly buses with added extra comforts such
as WIFI. Making them more appealing.

§ 
Ferry Services and Air Services1

Case Study Introduction

 

The original Forth Road Bridge was opened in 1964, allowing cars
to cross the River Forth between Edinburgh and Fife for the first time. At that
point it was the longest steel suspension bridge in Europe.

A replacement was required due to structural wear of the Forth
Road Bridge. After a great deal of consideration, and a number of options being
assessed for the new bridge connection, it was decided to build the new
Queensferry Crossing Bridge, costing an estimated £1.35bn.

Queensferry Crossing Facts

 

§ 
Spanning 1.7m in length the New Queensferry
crossing is the longest cable stayed bridge in the world.

§ 
The overall network is 13.7 miles long, when
you include the major motorway upgrades to the north and south of the bridge.

§ 
If all the cabling for the new structure was
laid out it would nearly wrap around the globes circumference.

§ 
The Transport System will introduce variable
mandatory speed limits for the first time in Scotland to ease traffic
congestion. This also controls the dedicated bus lanes within the motorway hard
shoulders which is said to be another first.

§ 
The cost of the new bridge was significantly
reduced by deciding to use the Forth Road Bridge as a public transport
corridor. This reduced the width of the new crossing and so the cost reduced
too.2

Contribution to Policy Aims

 

The need for the new
Queensferry Crossing has been apparent for some time, with the existing bridge
having capacity issues as its designers had no idea the vehicle population
would grow to such an extent.

Looking at the Key Objectives
set out in the National Transport Strategy, there is several objectives that
have been achieved on the completion of the project. These being:

Promoting Economic Growth

Improving Safety of Journeys

Protecting our Environment and Improve Health

The
new Queensferry Crossing now features two traffic lanes along with a hard
shoulder in each direction, which in turns benefits commuters when there is
vehicles breaking down. Not only do these hard-shoulders prevent heavy delays
it also allows emergency vehicles quicker access across the bridge and also
acts as bus lane. Making the crossing journeys safer for all parties.

From all the new road link upgrades to the north and south of
the bridge along with keeping the existing bridge open for public transport,
many more commuters are anticipated to start using public transport more regularly.

Not only is the public transport being modernised with time; for
example including WIFI in all buses, the route across the Forth will become
more appealing, as there will be reduced congestion which in turn will improve
travel times.

Reflective Appraisal of the Scottish Government’s
Transportation Policy

 

Looking at the various
infrastructure projects that have been completed over the last few years in
Scotland its clear to see that the government are trying to stick to the
strategy they set out in 2006. From the massive motorway improvements around
Glasgow and the West including the M8, A8 and M74 improvement works.

Looking at the improvement works
around Strathclyde Country Park in particular where at rush hour the traffic
was chaos. They have now put a network in place that has more or less done away
with the congestion at these peak teams.

 

Not only have they improved the
road networks they have also included cycleway/footways along the length of the
new networks, which in time will allow pedestrians to travel from Glasgow to
Edinburgh either by foot or bicycle for work related or personal purposes.

I have also been lucky to have
worked on the New Railway Link from Airdrie to Bathgate where again the
included cycleway along the length of the new network. They also constructed
several new stations with parking areas along the route which would benefit
theses smaller villages and connect them to the larger network, giving them
more travel options.

Some of the key environmental benefits of the Airdrie/Bathgate
railway link include electrified lines, reducing carbon emissions; 1,000
parking spaces at all the new stations along with updating existing car parking
which will be encouraging people to park and travel; the inclusion of the new
cycleway also.5