The oversee program and ensure policies with

The global environment facility is
also one of the powerful institution in global environment governance. In
according to GEF (2018) it was created to help tackle the planet’s most
pressing environmental problem. It is considered as the powerful organ since it
has its own effective governing structured. The assembly, which is composed of
183-member countries meet in every four or five years to review general policy;
evaluate the operation; and consider for approval by consensus. The council
comprises 32 members appointed by constituencies of GEF from all type of
countries. Moreover, council member removes every three years. A chief
executive officer chairperson who has four years term by the council has
responsibilities to coordinate and oversee program and ensure policies with GEF
agencies. The operational arm of GEF also work closely with project proponents,
civil society and another stakeholder under the GEF fund program and project. The
scientific and technical advisory panel (STAP) has 6 members who are experts in
the GEF’s key area of work. It works with many relevant scientific and
technical bodies like UNFCC, UNCCD, POPs and UNDP. Finally, it has the best
independent evaluation office which is appointed by the council to share lesson
learned and best practice. Since the creation in 1992, GEF has done many
projects by providing financial resource for developing countries to implement
the convention on biological diversity in focus on helping to build the
strategy plan for biodiversity 2011-2020. It also works together with both
government and private sectors to reduce chemical and waste. It ensures that
the products crossing national border are free of global priority substances.
In addition, in 2001 the adoption of the Stockholm Convention provided $928 million
to POPs to reduce unintentionally generated by industrialized countries
according to GEF 2018. It also considers about the climate change. It can
remove almost 600 million tons of greenhouse gases through renewable energy
project and over 400 million tons through energy efficiency project. Beside
this GEF also works to preserve the integrity of forests and related ecosystem
to support livelihoods for communities. For example, in 1992, it had funded at
380 forest-related projects for restoring the forest land and protecting areas
in forest landscape. On land degradation, it has invested more than $786
million in resource for at least 190 projects and programs to support national
and regional development priorities and restore degraded land. In overall,
since 1992, GEF has protected areas covering 860 million hectares all around
the world. Second, it conducted 790 climate change mitigation projects
contributing to 2.7 billion tons of GHG emission reduction and reduced the
vulnerability of more than 15 million people in 130 countries. Next In 73
countries it made an effective sustainable management of 34 Transboundary
Rivers and improved cooperation and governance of one third of the world’s
large marine ecosystem. Lastly, it provided a conservation-friendly management
of more than 352 million hectares of productive landscape and seascapes. (GEF,
2018)